Over 5.8 billion cubic meters (bcm) of Russian gas was transferred to Europe from Turkey via the TurkStream natural gas pipeline in 2020, industry sources said Sunday.
The TurkStream pipeline was opened by Turkish President Erdoğan and Russian President Putin on January 8, 2020. Reuters reported that the pipeline project, stretching 930 km (580 miles) across the Black Sea, “reinforces strong energy ties between Moscow and Ankara, which have also increased defense cooperation after Turkey bought advanced Russian missile defenses last year.” There are also two separate onshore lines 142 and 70 kilometers long, respectively.
Last year, the Russian and Turkish Presidents inaugurated the project at a ceremony in Istanbul also attended by the leaders of Serbia and Bulgaria.
The pipeline was a sign of “interaction and cooperation for the benefit of our people and the people of all Europe, the whole world”, Putin declared at the ceremony.
The project’s gas receiving terminal in Kıyıköy, Turkey’s main onshore section, was constructed by the South Stream company, which is owned by Russia’s Gazprom.
Turkey’s state-owned oil and gas trading company BOTAŞ constructed the 70-kilometer onshore line to connect to the Turkish grid. The 142-kilometer onshore line, to stretch to the Turkish-European border in the Thrace region, was built by a BOTAŞ-Gazprom joint venture.